## Courses

» Please see the Schedule of Classes for the current semester’s offerings.

PHYSICS (PHYS)

**1031C, 1032C Introductory Physics 4 credits**

Two-semester, algebra-based course, taken by students who intend to major in biology, chemistry, and the health professions. Topics covered: kinematics and dynamics of the particle and rigid bodies, conservation laws, momentum, energy and angular momentum, oscillations, waves, fluids, thermodynamics, optics, electromagnetism, modern physics. Laboratory experiments are designed to help students master the principles covered in lecture. (lecture: 3 hours; recitation: 1 hour; lab: 2 hours). Laboratory fee.

**1041C, 1042C General Physics 5 credits**

Two-semester, calculus-based course for Physics, Physical Sciences and Pre-Engineering majors. Topics covered: kinematics and dynamics of the particle and rigid bodies, conservation laws, momentum, energy and angular momentum, oscillations, waves, fluids, electromagnetism and optics. Laboratory experiments are designed to help students master the principles covered in lecture. Lecture: 4 hours; recitation: 1 hour; lab: 2 hours 45 minutes. Laboratory fee. Prerequisite for PHYS 1041C: MATH 1412 or more advanced or instructors permission. Prerequisite or co-requisite for PHYS 1042C: MATH 1413

**1140 Mathematical Physics 3 credits**

One-semester course covering the mathematical foundations of modern physics. Topics: functions of complex variables, multiple integrals, Fourier series, special functions, integral transforms (Laplace and Fourier), Green functions, distributions. Examples, problems and applications from different fields of physics.Prerequisite: PHYS 1042C.

**1221 Classical Mechanics I 3 credits**

Newtonian mechanics; oscillations: simple, damped and driven; resonance; elements of nonlinearity; noninertial frames of reference; motion relative to the Earth; conservative forces and potential energy; central forces; planetary motion. Prerequisite: PHYS 1041C.

**1222 Classical Mechanics II 3 credits**

Lagrangian mechanics. Constraints. Variational calculus and Hamilton's equations. Rotations of rigid bodies in two and three dimensions. Eulers equations. Tensor analysis. Small coupled oscillations and normal coordinates. Classical waves: the wave equation, dispersion, interference, polarization. Fresnel and Fraunhofer diffraction. Prerequisite PHYS1221.

**1321 Electromagnetic Theory I 3 credits**

Vector calculus, Maxwell’s equations in integral and differential form; electrostatics, Poisson’s equation; magnetostatics; time-¬varying fields. Prerequisites: PHYS 1042C, MATH 1510.

**1322 Electromagnetic Theory II 3 credits**

Polarizability tensor, electrodynamics in matter. Electromagnetic radiation by accelerating charges; Lienard-Wiechert potentials, multipole radiation, bremsstrahlung, synchrotron radiation, applications to materials science. Antennas. Electromagnetic wave propagation in matter. Electromagnetic basis of physical optics. Fresnel equations, Kirchoff diffraction theory. Wave-guides and cavity resonators. Prerequisite: PHYS1321

**1340 Computational Methods in Scientific Research 3 credits**

Use of computers to solve real problems in biology, physical sciences and economics. Numerical methods and data analysis, and how to visualize results with plots and movies. Prerequisites: MATH 1413. Recommended PHYS 1031C, 1032C or 1041C, 1042C

**1401 Introduction to Solid State Physics 3 credits**

A survey of the properties of condensed matter. Classification of crystalline lattices. Elements of crystallography. Cohesive forces in solids. Vibrations of crystals. Quantization. Debye and Einstein theories of phonons and thermal conductivity. Free electron theory of metals. Bloch functions and band theory. The Fermi surface. Semiconductors. Survey of advanced topics: excitations in lattices (plasmons and polarons), superconductivity, magnetic materials and models, theory of crystalline defects and alloys.Prerequisites: PHYS 1621.

**1510 Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics 3 credits**

The laws of thermodynamics. Entropy. Equations of state. Phase transitions. Thermodynamic potentials. The Third Law. Distribution functions. Theory of ensembles. Statistical formulation of temperature. Quantum and classical ideal gasses. Electronic conductance. Bose-¬Einstein statistics. Planck’s Law. Prerequisite or corequisite: MATH 1510.

**1621 Introduction to Quantum Mechanics 3 credits**

Wave--particle duality. Uncertainty principle. Formalism: Hilbert Space, Observables, Hermitian Operators. Solutions to Schrodinger's Equation in One Dimension: Transmission and Reflection at a Barrier; Tunneling; Potential Wells; Harmonic Oscillator; Free Particle. Schrodinger's Equation in Three Dimensions: Hydrogen Atom. Angular Momentum and Spin. Perturbation Theory. Introduction to Quantum Information. Prerequisites: PHYS 1221, MATH 2105 or permission of instructor.

**1810 Intermediate Experimental Physics 3 credits**

Nonlinear oscillations, diffraction of waves, interferometry, measurement of electron charge/mass ratio, RC filters, propagation of electromagnetic waves. (lecture: 1 hour; lab: 3 hours) Prerequisite: PHYS 1042C.

**2051 Intermediate Physics I 3 credits**

This course examines wave phenomena with an emphasis on light and offers an introduction to thermal physics. Topics covered include mechanical waves, sound, light as an electromagnetic wave, geometrical optics, interference, diffraction, temperature, heat and the laws of thermodynamics. Prerequisites: PHYS 1042, MATH 1413. Co-requisite: MATH 1510.

**2052 Intermediate Physics II 3 credits**

This course introduces the main ideas of modern physics as they were historically developed during the great revolution that took place in Physics between 1880 and 1930, which shaped our current ideas in relativity, quantum mechanics and statistical physics. It presents in a historical context how those ideas were generated, which were the great experiments that led to their development, and the theoretical underpinnings on which they rest. Prerequisite: PHYS 2051

**4901, 4902 Independent Study**

See Academic Information and Policies section.

**4931-4935 Topics in Physics (1-3 credits)**